All about your COFFEE
Coffee is one of the most popular beverage all over the world and it is known for its rejuvenating properties. It has formed an integral part of people’s life and many of us cannot imagine a day without it.Here are some of the interesting facts about coffee that we should know about it.
2. Coffee- from fruit to drink
6. Different Kinds of Coffee people make
7. Variety of Coffee Beans.
Coffee’s history dates back to 11th century. According to a very popular Ethiopian legend, a shepherd named Kaldi found his goats frolicking and full of energy after eating the red fruits of the coffee shrub. He even got the same reaction after consuming the fruit. It was then termed as ‘a magical fruit’. Besides, people started boiling the leaves of the plant and the concoction was believed to have medicinal properties.
The earliest evidence of coffee drinking came from the Sufi Monasteries of Yemen.
By the 16th century, it had reached the rest of the Middle East,Persia, Turkey, Horn of Africa, and northern Africa. It then spread to the Balkans, Italy and to the rest of Europe, to South East Asia and then to America.
Coffee reaches India in 1600 AD
In 1600 AD, Baba Bultan, a Sufi Saint went on a pilgrimage to Mecca. He discovered this unusual and refreshing drink there. He got seven beans secretively since the Arabs were very protective about their drink.
Thee Seven Seeds were planted in the courtyard of his hermitage in Chikmagalur, Karnataka – the birthplace and origin of coffee in India. These plants gradually spread as backyard plantings, and later on to the hills of what is now known as Baba Budan Hills.
Coffee – from fruit to drink
Once ripe the berries are picked, processed, and dried. Dried seeds or beans are roasted to different degrees depending upon the flavor required. Roasted beans are ground and brewed with hot water resulting in the beverage that we consume.
1. A big source of antioxidant.
These help you fight and protect against free radicals within your body. Antioxidants benefit everything from skin care to fighting against cancer.
2. Helps to prevent type 2 diabetes.
Caffeine when taken in moderation decreases your insulin sensitivity and improves glucose tolerance thereby helping in preventing diabetes.
3. Boost your physical performance.
It increases adrenaline level in your blood which prepares you for any physical activity. It also helps to reduce the muscle pain post workout.
4. Very good for your brain.
It alerts your mind and improves your memory. It increases your focus and helps in getting you charged up.
5. May decrease the risk of Parkinson’s , Alzheimer’s disease and even Dementia.
There is evidence that coffee causes activity in the part of brain which is affected by Parkinson’s. It helps in significant growth of cells in brain.
6. Helps you cut fat.
Coffee contains nutrients which helps the human body use insulin, regulating blood sugar levels and reducing your sugar cravings. It also helps to break down the fat cells in the body.
7. Helps you fight liver disease.
Coffee provides a protective layer on the liver. It helps you prevent liver diseases including cirrhosis.
8. Helps you protect your heart.
Coffee may support heart health by protecting against arterial damage caused by inflammation. There is evidence that coffee reduces strokes to a great extent.
9. Reduces suicide risk and fight Depression.
Caffeine activates neurotransmitters that control mood and help you feel lighter mentally.
One study has shown that coffee may decrease the risk of developing different kinds of cancer like prostate cancer in men,endometrial cancer in women, basal cell carcinoma (the most common type of skin cancer) and many others.
Coffee does not harm you if you take 2 to 3 cups a day. However, when you take more than 4 cups, it might have hazardous effect on your health.
1. Insomnia :
It increases anxiety and disrupts sleep patterns, leading to a vicious cycle of restless sleep and daytime fatigue.
2. High Blood pressure :
Coffee increases blood pressure specially in those already suffering from hypertension and those who don’t normally consume caffeine regularly.
3. Indigestion :
Drinking coffee on an empty stomach stimulates hydrochloric acid production. This reduces the body’s efficiency to produce the same which is required for digestion. Protein digestion in particular is affected by a lack of hydrochloric acid in the stomach and protein based foods can pass into the small intestine before being properly broken down. That leads to a variety of health problems, from bloating and gas to IBS, diverticulitis and even colon cancer.
4. Drinking unfiltered coffee can increase total cholesterol:
Excessive coffee intake results in production of low-density lipoprotein and triglycerides. This might increase the risk of developing heart disease.
5. Risk of Dehydration:
Coffee has a diuretic effect on your body and increases the frequency of urination.Diuretics generally block sodium and water reabsorption in the kidney more specifically in the proximal part of the tubuli thus increasing the final urine output.
Caffeine is a drug. Hence, consumers may become “dependent” on coffee to the point that they develop withdrawal symptoms if they suddenly stop drinking it.
7. Worsens Menopausal symptoms in Women:
It adds to the hot flashes and irritability to some women going through menopause.
8. Anxiety and other nervous system related problem:
Caffeine increases the heartbeat and excessive consumption may lead to anxiety, jitters, nervousness, irritability and even drowsiness.
9. Thinning bones (osteoporosis):
Drinking caffeinated coffee can increase the amount of calcium that is flushed out in the urine. This might weaken bones. If you have osteoporosis, limit caffeine consumption to less than 300 mg per day (approximately 2-3 cups of coffee).
10. Coffee and other nutrients :
Taking excess amount affects iron absorption in your stomach and particularly your kidneys ability to retain calcium, zinc, magnesium and other important minerals.
Who should not take Coffee
1.People who are prone to heartburn: Drinking coffee can also irritate the lining of the small intestine, potentially leading to abdominal spasms, cramps and elimination problems, often alternating between constipation and diarrhea. This condition is known as irritable bowel syndrome and more and more people are being diagnosed with it in recent years.
Acid reflux can be caused by coffee due to the way it relaxes the lower esophageal sphincter. This small muscle should remain tightly closed once you’ve eaten to prevent the contents of your stomach from coming back into the esophagus and burning its delicate lining with hydrochloric acid.
2.Pregnant women: Excessive consumption have been associated with early miscarriage or babies born with low weight. Caffeine easily passes through placenta.It interferes with Baby’s sleep cycle and acts as a catalyst for anti-growth.
3.Kids and Adolescent: Caffeine affects the central nervous system of a human being. Kids brain is more sensitive to caffeine’s affect. It disturbs a kids sleep cycle and interfere with the absorption of calcium (calcium is very important for a growing kid). It may often lead to hyper-activeness, mood swings and anxiety in children
Different Kinds of Coffee
|Name||BASE||MORE INGREDIENT||HOW DOES IT LOOK|
|Espresso||Finely ground coffee beans||Nearly boiling water under pressure|
Served in shots
|Ristretto||3/4 th ounce of espresso but half amount of water|
|Cafe Late||Espresso - 1 or more shots||Steamed Milk|
|Cafe Piccolo||Espresso - 1 shot||A small amount of Foamed Milk gently poured|
|Cafe Vienna||Espresso - 2 shots||Whipped Cream|
|Cafe Mocha||Latte||Chocolate Powder or Syrup|
|Affogato||Ice-cream or gelatto||Espresso|
|Flat White||Espresso||Silky and Flowing Milk|
|Long Black||Hot Water||Espresso - 2 shots|
|Americano||Espresso - 1 shot||Lots of Hot Water|
|Turkish||Turkish coffee powder||Cold filtered water|
|Black Coffee||Coffee powder||Brewed in Water|
|Irish Coffee||Black Coffee||Dash of Whiskey|
|Short Macchiato||Espresso - 1 shot||Steamed Milk|
Served in Layers
|Long Macchiato||Espresso - 2 shots||Steamed Milk|
|Caramel Macchiato||Espresso - 2 shots|
Top it up with Caramel Sauce
|Cafe Cortado||Espresso - a little less than 2 shots||Frothy Milk|
|Vietnamese Coffee||Coffee||Sweeten Condensed Milk|
|Viennese||Espresso - 2 shots||Whipped Cream|
|Frappucchino||Espresso - 1/2 shot|
|Blend all with ice|
Top it up with whipped Cream
|Iced Coffee||Freshly ground coffee beans||Ice|
Maple Syrup (optional)
Variety of Coffee Beans:
The beans vary in their size, shape, color and flavor depending on the region and conditions in which they grow. Most of them fall under these two categories :
|Delicate flavor||Harsh flavor|
|Less Acidic||More Acidic|
|Can only be grown at higher altitude||Can grow in lower altitude as well|
|Less Caffeine||More Caffeine|
|Susceptible to bugs and pests||Disease resistant|
|Very high mantainence||Easier to maintain|
|Oval in shape||Circular in shape|
|70% of world's production||30% of world's production|
|Brazil is most significant producer||Vietnam produces the most|
Nutrients Present :
One eight-ounce cup of regular coffee contains about:
- 2.4 calories
- 0 grams fat
- 0 grams sugar
- 0.3 grams protein
- 0.2 milligrams vitamin B2 riboflavin (11 percent DV)
- 0.6 milligrams pantothenic acid (6 percent DV)
- 116 milligrams potassium (3 percent DV)
- 0.1 milligrams manganese (3 percent DV)
- 7.1 milligrams magnesium (2 percent DV)
- 0.5 milligrams niacin (2 percent DV)
Things to keep in mind while having coffee :
- One should limit adding unhealthy things to your drink like cream, sugar, etc.
- Always have it in moderation.
- Avoid in empty stomach.
- Choose the organic ones.
- Always better to buy the beans and grind it at home.
- Store the beans in an opaque, air-tight and in room temperature.
Its all about you. Different people have different reaction towards caffeine intake. You need to analyse how your body is reacting to your coffee.
So what’s your favorite cup of Coffee ? Do let us know..
Happy Drinking !!
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